Kokoschka, Oskar

(1886–1980)
   One of the 20th century’s most original painters, Kokoschka also drew and wrote poetry. Born to an artisan family in Lower Austria, he studied at the Vienna Academy of Applied Arts (Kunstgewerbeschule); in 1907 he joined the Wiener Werkstätte. A great deal of his productive career developed abroad; his most continuous residence was in Switzerland. By 1910 Kokoschka was working in Berlin, having already dabbled in experimental theater with Murderer, Hope of Women (1909). However it was in the German capital that he became fully at home with the visual Expressionism that was so congenial to the grotesque psychological realism that informs much of his art. From 1919 until 1923, Kokoschka taught at the Dresden Academy and made even more use of the striking colors that had begun appearing in his early work in Austria (Self-Portrait, 1922–1923). He spent 1934–1938 in Prague and World War II in London. In 1953, he returned to Switzerland and to Austria as well, where he founded a School of Visual Art (Schule des Sehens) in Salzburg for summer students.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kokoschka, Oskar — born March 1, 1886, Pöchlarn, Austria died Feb. 22, 1980, Villeneuve, Switz. Austrian painter and writer. He studied and taught at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts but was dissatisfied because the school omitted study of the human figure, his …   Universalium

  • Kokoschka, Oskar — (1886 1980)    Playwright. Kokoschka was best known as a successful painter but, like several modernists prior to World War I, he also tried his hand at playwriting. Kokoschka s Murderer the Hope of Women was testimony to his deep distrust of… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Kokoschka, Oskar — (1886 1980)    artist and writer; while he rejected the label Expressionist,* his work reflected the movement s spirit. Born in Poch larn an der Donau, Austria,* he passed a destitute childhood in Vienna before studying at the city s… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Kokoschka,Oskar — Ko·kosch·ka (kə kôshʹkə), Oskar. 1886 1980. Austrian expressionist painter noted for his portraits and landscapes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kokoschka, Oskar — (3/1/1886 Pochlarn 2/22/1980 Montreux) (Austria)    Painter, graphic artist, poet, and modeller. Studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna. Best known as a leading expressionist who favored landscapes and portraits.    Reproductions: Self… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Kokoschka, Oskar — (1 mar. 1886, Pöchlarn, Austria–22 feb. 1980, Villeneuve, Suiza). Pintor y escritor austríaco. Estudió y enseñó en la Escuela de Artes y Oficios de Viena, pero no se sentía satisfecho, porque la escuela omitía el estudio de la figura humana, su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kokoschka, Oskar —  (1886–1980) Austrian born British artist and writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Kokoschka, Oskar —    см. Кокошка, Оскар …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Oskar Kokoschka — The Bride of the Wind or The Tempest, oil on canvas, a self …   Wikipedia

  • Oskar Kokoschka — en 1963 Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

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